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dc.contributor.authorBashford J
dc.contributor.authorFlett R
dc.contributor.authorCopeland J
dc.date.available2010-04-01
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifierhttp://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000275441400009&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=c5bb3b2499afac691c2e3c1a83ef6fef
dc.identifier.citationADDICTION, 2010, 105 (4), pp. 615 - 625 (11)
dc.identifier.issn0965-2140
dc.descriptionThe definitive version is available at www3.interscience.wiley.com
dc.description.abstractAIMS: To describe the empirical construction and initial validation of the Cannabis Use Problems Identification Test (CUPIT), a brief self-report screening instrument for detection of currently and potentially problematic cannabis use.DESIGN: In a three-phase prospective design an item pool of candidate questions was generated from a literature review and extensive expert consultation. The CUPIT internal structure, cross-sectional and longitudinal psychometric properties were then systematically tested among heterogeneous past-year users.PARTICIPANTS: Volunteer participants were 212 high-risk adolescents (n = 138) and adults (n = 74) aged 13-61 years from multiple community settings.MEASUREMENTS: The comprehensive assessment battery included several established measures of cannabis-related pathology for CUPIT validation, with DSM-IV/ICD-10 diagnoses of cannabis use disorders as criterion standard.FINDINGS: Sixteen items loading highly on two subscales derived from principal components analysis exhibited good to excellent test-retest (0.89-0.99) and internal consistency reliability (0.92, 0.83), and highly significant ability to discriminate diagnostic subgroups along the severity continuum (non-problematic, risky, problematic use). Twelve months later, baseline CUPIT scores demonstrated highly significant longitudinal predictive utility for respondents' follow-up diagnostic group membership. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis identified a CUPIT score of 12 to be the optimal cut-point for maximizing sensitivity for both currently diagnosable cannabis use disorder and those at risk of meeting diagnostic criteria in the following 12 months.CONCLUSIONS: The CUPIT is a brief cannabis screener that is reliable, valid and acceptable for use across diverse community settings and consumers of all ages. The CUPIT has clear potential to assist with achievement of public health goals to reduce cannabis-related harms in the community.
dc.format.extent615 - 625 (11)
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sons
dc.subjectScience & Technology
dc.subjectLife Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subjectSubstance Abuse
dc.subjectPsychiatry
dc.subjectPSYCHIATRY, SCI
dc.subjectPSYCHIATRY, SSCI
dc.subjectSUBSTANCE ABUSE, SCI
dc.subjectSUBSTANCE ABUSE, SSCI
dc.subjectCannabis problems
dc.subjectcannabis screening
dc.subjectpsychometrics
dc.subjectpublic health
dc.subjectINTERNATIONAL DIAGNOSTIC INTERVIEW
dc.subjectINVENTORY MSI-X
dc.subjectPSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES
dc.subjectPROBLEMS QUESTIONNAIRE
dc.subjectDEPENDENCE SYMPTOMS
dc.subjectHIDDEN POPULATIONS
dc.subjectGENERAL-POPULATION
dc.subjectCOEFFICIENT-ALPHA
dc.subjectCLINICAL-SAMPLE
dc.subjectSUBSTANCE USE
dc.titleThe Cannabis Use Problems Identification Test (CUPIT): Development, reliability, concurrent and predictive validity among adolescents and adults
dc.typeJournal article
dc.citation.volume105
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02859.x
dc.identifier.elements-id38257
dc.relation.isPartOfADDICTION
dc.citation.issue4
dc.description.publication-statusPublished
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University/College of Humanities and Social Sciences
pubs.organisational-group/Massey University/College of Humanities and Social Sciences/School of Psychology
pubs.notesNot known
dc.subject.anzsrc11 Medical and Health Sciences
dc.subject.anzsrc17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences


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